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Pontianak, Gemawannews – The provincial spatial planning (RTRWP) of West Kalimantan reaps the complaint. Distribution of land tenure and use in RTRWP didn’t take side on marginalized people, indigenous people and women. This is found on many conflicts of land and interests authority that disadvantaged people.
Mentioned in Law nr.26 of 2007 and Government Decree nr. 68 of 2010 regarding Spatial Planning, the process of spatial planning which implemented by government involves people. The involvement of people comprises the preparation of spatial planning, land use and monitoring. It can be concluded that people is not the object of development but the actors and beneficiaries of spatial planning policy.
From the analysis of gender, women is a primary victim of spatial planning. Gender discrimination on women can lead to the imbalance of spatial and land tenure, women are not involved in spatial planning so women’s rights is less accomodated in the development of facilities and infrastructure, and imbalance of another participation.
Laili Khairnur, in the discussion with several women organization in Lembaga Gemawan’s office, Pontianak, (18/4), marked that the local regulation of West Kalimantan spatial planning that is determined by the provincial parliament is not participative and tends to be discriminative to women.
“Women have a dual role, they often work to meet their family’s needs as farmers, farm workers, and find their needs from nature by communal method. No participation in spatial planning from women is a form of discrimination by government, because women actually are recognized on Law nr.7 of 1984 which a ratification of convension regarding the eradication of all discrimination form to women,” Laili –Executive Director of Lembaga Gemawan- stated.
Presidential Instruction nr.9 of 2009 instructed the gender mainstreaming in management cycle, specifically budgeting, implementation, monitoring and evalution in all aspects of development. RTRWP is valid for 20 years and it will be a handbook for the preparation of development, investment, and issuance of development permits. If the discussion of RTRWP disregards gender mainstreaming, it can lead to imbalance of development toward women.
To produce mainstreaming of spatial planning which takes side on people, then spatial planning should have recognition of rights over land and use, participation in planning, economic development of marginalized people, sustainable spatial planning based on disaster situation, land structure, water as well as ecosystem.
“We encourage gender mainstreaming in spatial planning of West Kalimantan so the integration of gender will be an integral dimension in planning, preparation, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation toward the policy and development program of West Kalimantan and national,” said Laili. (zn)